Aug 262015
 

The Sunderland Miner Who Became Churchill’s ‘Secret Weapon’.

A Wearside woman’s family tree research has uncovered the top secret role her father played during World War Two.

Jim Jarvis 1Miner Jim Jarvis officially served in the Home Guard during the conflict, but behind the scenes he was actually part of a British Resistance organisation known as Auxiliary Units – or ‘Churchill’s secret weapon’.

“These were highly secret groups and officially didn’t exist. Their aim was to resist occupation of the UK by Nazi Germany at all costs,” said his daughter, Ruth Raine.

“The men were trained to live underground and fight to the death if captured. Each signed the Official Secrets Act and we only found out about dad’s involvement by chance.”

Jim, son of pitman and World War One veteran James Jarvis and his wife Elizabeth, was born in 1919 and lived at 92 Front Street, High Moorsley. After finishing school he joined a gas company.

As the storm clouds of war gathered over Europe, however, James forced his son – who was still under 21 – to take a job at the local pit, in the hope a reserved occupation would keep him safe.

Jim and Phyllis on June 16, 1979 at their son Alan's wedding

Jim and Phyllis on June 16, 1979 at their son Alan’s wedding

“My grandfather had a terrible time in WWI and, although he would never talk about it, he still suffered from nightmares. He was injured in France, but we don’t know how,” said Ruth. “That made him determined to keep my father safe, which is why he made him go down the pit. It wasn’t the job he’d have normally picked for Jim, but he wanted to keep his son out of harm’s way.”

Jim was, however, determined to play his part and on July 8, 1940, signed up for the Home Guard. Three years later, in May 1943, the corporal was recruited into the Hetton-Le-Hole Auxiliary Unit.

The role demanded “more skill, coolness and hard work” than any other voluntary organisation, according to official documents. Recruits also had to be prepared to face “greater dangers” too.

“We used to ask dad what he’d done in the war, but he couldn’t tell us because of the Official Secrets Act. He just used to say he’d been in the Home Guard,” said Ruth.

“But he did say he’d tell us a bit more when he got word from the Ministry of Defence to claim his defence medal at around the age of 65. Unfortunately he died shortly before that letter arrived.

“It was complete chance we found out anything at all. We stumbled across his name while looking for my grandfather’s WWI records, and found dad had been in something called an Auxiliary Unit.”

Little has been written about life in Auxiliary Units, although the general idea was that soldiers based in secret tunnels would form a resistance force in the face of enemy invasion.

Recruits were expected to turn “night into day” while underground; sleeping in daylight and patrolling at night. Many tunnels can still be seen today – including at Houghton.

“The men were told that if there was any chance of being captured they either had to shoot themselves, get someone to shoot them,” said Ruth.

“It is difficult to associate my dad with something like that, as he was such a family man. It is also sadly ironic that instead of keeping his son safe, my grandad put him right in the firing line.”

Jim successfully combined a pit job with his secret life in the Auxiliary Unit; even finding time to marry his sweetheart Phyllis on July 31, 1943 – although he never told her what he did.

“We will never know exactly what dad went through. The secrecy still surrounding the units is such a shame – many people probably have no idea just how brave their relatives were,” said Ruth.

“My dad always said it was the only secret he ever kept from mam. He wanted to tell her, but couldn’t until the Official Secrets Act ran out – but he passed away before that happened.”

The Auxiliary men were finally stood down in late 1944, but Jim remained in the Home Guard until December 1945. He stayed in the mines after the war, working as a shot-firer at Sherburn Hill and Dawdon.

“All the family are very proud of what he did in the war; I can’t tell you how proud we are that dad was one of Churchill’s secret weapons.

“One day, hopefully, we will find out more,” said Ruth.

l More information on the secret units, including ones at Haswell, Hetton and Wheatley Hill, can be found at the website www.coleshillhouse.com

[SOURCE: Sunderland Echo.]

Mar 182015
 

Isle_of_Wight

Today Stephen Lewins has added all the recorded names of members of the Auxiliary Unit on the Isle of Wight. The names have been added to this page for now and will be moved to their own patrol reports when a local researcher is found on the Island.

Their pre invasion role would be observation of the English Channel for German raids and the protection of vital island infrastructure including the allies PLUTO pipe line to France. After the reorganisation the patrols became part of no.14 Area (Hampshire) in Groups 9 & 10.

Can you help with any information?

Please contact us if you can help.

 

Mar 082015
 

Fraserburgh Auxiliary Unit 1Today our Scottish CIOS have added three new patrol reports to the site.

The reports give the names of the men involved and other important information.

Site visits are planned in the future.

If you can help with any of their research please contact us.

You can read the patrol reports in Fife here and in Aberdeenshire here

Feb 242015
 

Symondsbury Auxiliary Unit 1We have added four more patrol reports to Group 6 in Dorset thanks to the hard work of our Dorset CIO Dr. Will Ward with help from Martyn Allen & others.

These are Symondsbury, Morcombelake, Shipton Gorge and Whitchurch Canonicorum.

You can view them here. 

Can you help with any additional info? We would love to hear from you. 

Feb 092015
 

George RaymondGeorge Raymond of the Meerhay Auxiliary Unit Patrol passed away on 3rd February 2015 aged 102!

George was born at Home Farm, Shipton Gorge, Dorset.

George’s brother Ernest was also in the patrol which trained locally on farm land owned by the brothers at Hewstock Farm.

They practised felling trees with explosives on a couple of occasions, in case they needed to block roads. The patrol members usually operated in pairs during an attack, but would then split and return individually. George Raymond recalled coming across two regular soldiers set as guards for the exercise while coming home. He managed to convince them that he was a farmer on his way to milk the cows at this early hour and was commended by his patrol leader for doing so successfully. This of course indicates that they were operating in civilian dress.

George & Ernest Raymond

After the war George we went back to farming and doing a milk-round with his brother.

George’s Aux uniform can be seen at the Beaminster Museum one of only two examples on public display in the UK.

Our thanks must go to Martyn Allen, Mary Payne and Brian Earl from Beaminster Museum.

Walter George Raymond, ready to serve when called. 

We will remember them….

Oct 282014
 

Today we published the result of many of hours of research into Captain Peter Fleming‘s involvement in the Auxiliary Units.

Peter Fleming-Steps

Bill Ashby, our Coleshill Researcher, has worked with the Fleming family to ensure the research is as accurate as possible. He has delved into our archive and been assisted by our UK wide research team.

In July this year we were invited to the Fleming family home to meet with Peter’s daughters, Lucy and Kate and we presented them with Bill’s research.

Lucy Fleming also very kindly accepted the offer of leading our march this year on Whitehall.

Read the full page on Peter

Jul 302014
 

1551 CART DL LEAFLET JULY 14.indd

Our new flyer has now been designed by our friends at Battlefield Design.

It’s currently at the printers, ironically in Germany.

In about a week we will have more than 2,000 in stock so if you can help promote our work please do get in touch and request some.

View the large version by clicking here

 

May 132014
 

Dorset Auxiliary Units

Today we have uploaded new and updated reports to the site sent to us by our Dorset CIO Dr Will Ward.

These are Ferndown, Child Okeford and Winfrith & Broadmayne.

You can see them all here

Also look out for our attendance at next month’s Broadmayne D5 event in Dorset.

Feb 072013
 

Aux-DVD

We are pleased to say our updated Weapons & Explosives DVD is now for sale.

This unique DVD provides a detailed insight into the weapons and explosives used by Winston Churchill’s Auxiliary Unit’s as well as SOE and other units.

NEW FOR 2013 – MORE THAN 40 MINUTES OF BONUS FEATURES

Operational Base – We take you on a tour into the training Operational Base (OB) at Coleshill and then a group of experts discuss how they were built etc.

Coleshill Uncovered – You can see what artifacts have been recovered in the Coleshill grounds over the years.

British Resistance in Wales – A film CART made for Abergavenny Museum which was shown in their exhibition in 2011.

‘The Garth’ – A brief tour of the birthplace of the British Resistance Movement and first Auxiliary Training Centre.

About CART – A short film explaining more about CART and it’s research.

Coleshill Underground Weekend – A taster of the September event in 2012 at GHQ Coleshill.

Read more and buy a copy here